The terms of a concession contract depend largely on his desire. For example, a contract to operate a food concession in a popular stadium cannot offer much to the dealer in the kind of incentives. On the other hand, a government that wants to attract mining companies to an impoverished area could offer significant incentives. These incentives could include tax breaks and a lower royalty rate. Concession agreements are sometimes used to exploit other nations. For example, foreign countries and companies forced China to make various concessions in the 19th and early 20th centuries. These concessions have given foreign companies the right to develop and operate railways and ports within China. In addition, citizens of other countries have often appreciated extraterritoriality as part of their concessions. Extraterritoriality meant that foreign laws and tribunals settled disputes between Chinese and foreigners in concessions. Of course, the decisions of these courts have tended to oppose Chinese businesses and consumers.
At best, concession agreements are a form of outsourcing that allows all parties to benefit from comparative advantages. Often, a country or company has resources that lack the knowledge or capital to use it effectively. By outsourcing the development or exploitation of these resources to others, it is possible to earn more than they could on their own. For example, a country may lack capital and technical capacity to exploit offshore oil reserves. A concession contract with an oil multinational can generate income and jobs for that country. On a smaller scale, suppliers work under concession contracts awarded by local governments, businesses or other property owners. This activity may include restaurants and retail outlets at major airports, vendors at public fairs or the sale of food and beverage stalls in public parks. The more attractive and profitable a concession is, the more likely it is that a government will offer tax breaks and other incentives.
For example, there is a concession contract between the French and British governments and two private companies via the Channel Tunnel. British Channel Tunnel Group Limited and France-Manche S.A. operate the Channel Tunnel, often referred to as “Chunnel” as part of the agreement. The tunnel connects the two countries and allows the transport of people and goods between them. It is 50 km long and is 38 km under the English Channel. The Channel Tunnel is therefore the longest underwater tunnel in the world and an important part of the public infrastructure. Also known as concession agreements, concession agreements include different sectors and are available in many sizes. These include hundreds of millions of dollars worth of mining concessions, as well as small food and beverage concessions at a local cinema. Regardless of the type of concession, the dealer normally has to pay the concession fee to the party that grants it the concession fees. These fees and the rules that allow them to change are usually described in detail in the contract. A concession contract is a contract that gives a company the right to operate a business within the jurisdiction of one government or on the land of another company, subject to certain conditions.
Concession contracts often involve contracts between the non-state owner of an entity and a dealer or dealer. The agreement grants the dealer exclusive rights to operate its operations in the facility for a specified period of time and under certain conditions.