IIA Navigator This IIAs database – the IIA Navigator – is managed by the IIA section of UNCTAD. You can browse THE IIAs that are completed by a given country or group of countries, view the recently concluded IIAs, or use advanced research for sophisticated research tailored to your needs. Please indicate: UNCTAD, International Investment Agreements Navigator, available from investmentpolicy.unctad.org/international-investment-agreements/ After an investment tranche, the company can provide an investment guarantee as an explicit guarantee that the guarantor`s statements on the completion date are accurate and correct. Representations and guarantees generally refer to the company`s terms and conditions, which are reviewed as part of due diligence. These may relate to the financial situation (accounting and tax representations), the company`s assets (ownership and valuation), the ownership structure, the operational characteristics and the legal situation of the company. In most cases, investors probably have to require life sciences companies to have the right to appoint a director and for a majority, if not all, of the directors appointed by the investors to be present so that there will be a quorum for each board meeting, so that business can continue. An investor director can bring his know-how and know-how to the sector. Founders may also have a strong right to appoint a director. In some cases, investors may seek “compliance rights,” so they have the right to send non-directors to attend board meetings and obtain board documents, but no votes. While board representation can be expected, it can be difficult for a company to have gone through several investment cycles and new institutions to bring together new board members at each turn. It is very common in start-ups to force investors to invest in capital on different company-sized stones. The tranches are generally related to product development, revenue targets or other operational indicators.
During the conclusion of an investment agreement, you can use a model for the investment agreement for preferred shares to integrate several closing tranches, which allows you to obtain more investment income during the business. Another important trend is the multiplicity of agreements.  As a result, the developing international CEW system has been likened to a metaphor for a “spaghetti shell.” According to UNCTAD, the system is universal, as virtually every country has signed at least one I2. At the same time, it can be considered atomized because of the large number of individual agreements that currently exist. The system is complex, with the signing of agreements at all levels (bilateral, sectoral, regional, etc.).